Ravensburger Spectrum - The South West Journal / Der Spiegel
Before the Taliban victory: Carefree telephone recording between Biden and Ghani surfaced
US President Joe Biden praised his ally's army in his last phone call with his Afghan colleague Ashraf Ghani before the Taliban came to power. "You clearly have the best military," Biden said in the 14-minute conversation on July 23rd. "They have 300,000 well-equipped soldiers against 70,000-80,000 and they are obviously able to fight well," said a transcript of the phone call made available to the Reuters news agency by an insider.
Ghani fled his presidential palace on August 15 before the advancing Taliban without his army showing any firm resistance. In the phone call, neither man is aware of the danger that the Islamists would actually take over the country within days. On the phone call, Biden repeatedly addressed the international perception of the situation in Afghanistan: “Needless to say, the world and parts of Afghanistan have the impression that the fight against the Taliban is not going well ", he said. "Whether that's true or not, a different picture has to be conveyed."
The British government is negotiating with the militant Islamic Taliban about the safe exit of British and Afghan local staff from Afghanistan. Prime Minister Boris Johnson's special envoy, Simon Gass, traveled to the Qatari capital Doha for talks with leading representatives of the Taliban, said a government spokesman in London on Wednesday night. It is about "underlining the importance of safe exit for British nationals and the Afghans who have worked with us over the past 20 years."
The Foreign Ministry is also temporarily strengthening its embassies in the neighboring Afghan countries of Pakistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan. Specialists should support the diplomats in bringing people to safety across land borders. Foreign Minister Dominic Raab said on Tuesday that there were still a "low three-digit" number of British people in Afghanistan.
In view of the humanitarian emergency in Afghanistan, migration expert Gerald Knaus expects a large number of people who want to flee abroad - but not with massive immigrants entering Europe as in 2015. The most important border between Iran and Turkey is said to be today "sealed off with walls, drones and tens of thousands of soldiers," he told the Düsseldorf "Rheinische Post". "What there will definitely not be a major irregular migration like 2015 to the European Union."
Knaus is the head of the European Stability Initiative (ESI) think tank, which developed the plan for the readmission agreement with Turkey on Syrian refugees. Nevertheless, he expects "that in the near future there will be very many people in Afghanistan who will have to flee." This is the case out of fear of the militant Islamist Taliban, because of the humanitarian situation and the uncertainty about the duration of the conflict. The crucial question is whether it is possible to escape. This depends on the neighboring countries. "If Pakistan and Iran close their borders by force, as all of Syria's neighbors do today, not many people will be able to get out."
He explained: “The danger is not that too many people will come to Europe irregularly. The danger is still that many people, whom we want to offer protection, to whom we have promised entry to Germany, will not get out. "